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 Charles C. Blatchley, Ph.D.

Charles C. Blatchley, Ph.D.

Professor
Discipline/Specialization: Radionuclide applications
Department of Physics
Office: 307 Yates Hall
Phone: 620-235-4398

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About Dr. Charles Blatchley

Dr. Blatchley is the PSU Campus Radiation Safety Officer.

Education

Ph.D., Nuclear/Particle Physics, Louisiana State University, Louisiana, U.S.A., 1984 (Quasi-Elastic electron scattering at MIT-Bates LINAC, up to 700 MeV)

M.A. Ed., Northern Arizona University, Arizona, U.S.A., 1977

B.S., Physics, U.S.A.F. Academy, Colorado, U.S.A., 1970

Experience

1984-1994: SPIRE CORPORATION, Senior Scientific Staff

Mgr., Radionuclide Devices. Contract research, some federally funded, primarily involving studies of wear, erosion, or corrosion using Surface Layer Activation. Also, modeling and accelerator experiments with new radiation damage resistant photovoltaic cells making high energy-density long-lived radionuclide batteries. USASSDC optical materials program developing rugged baffle materials for space-based telescopes using ion beam micro-texturing of metals and some optical scatter modeling to predict texture effects on broadband light absorption. Helped test lead carbonate scintillator detector crystal growth, metallized polymer films to form hot-dome anemometers, microchannel plate amplifiers by particle track etching, and gas microstrip detectors on conductive polymers.

Courses Taught:

PHYS 166 Meteorology
PHYS 171 Physical Science
PHYS 175 Descriptive Astronomy
PHYS 240 History & Philosophy of Science
PHYS 500 Mathematical Physics
PHYS 516 Modern Physics
PHYS 591 Physics Projects
PHYS 716 Introductory Quantum Mechanics
PHYS 812 Electromagnetic Theory


Research Interests | Publications and Presentations | Wear Measurements | Other Symposia

Research Interests

Radionuclide applications, including the study of cosmogenic nuclides and accelerator based Surface Layer Activation for studying wear in mechanical systems. Currently investigating evidence of supernovae or gamma ray bursts in excursions in cosmogenic nuclide production to see whether such events might have been responsible for global extinctions. Also applying SLA to wear in biomedical implants. If you would like to know more about the technique of Surface Layer Activation, click here.

Collection of bone fragments and jaw bones with teeth in them.

 

 

Representative fossils collected from Tunica in 2004, added to the Audubon collection now at Louisiana State University.

Person removing soil from steep bluff along a quiet stream, with bright sunlight through the heavy forest overhead.

 

 

Dr. Ken Duffy, collecting soil samples for cosmogenic nuclide measurements from late Pleistocene loess deposits along Tunica Bayou north of St. Francisville, Louisiana.

In previous research, I have applied automated gamma ray spectrometry configurations to gamma backscattering for nondestructive inspection of welds, composite materials, and even Space Shuttle tiles.  If you would like to know more about this approach, click here.

microtextured metals image

 

Past work also includes applications of ion beam microtextured metals to thermophotovoltaic (TPV) power sources, to ultracapacitor electrodes (funded by NSF), and for controlling optical properties.

This work also relates to nanotechnology and surface chemistry. Most of it has been performed in collaboration with the Ion Optics Corporation of Waltham, Massachusetts, a company specializing in ion beam modifications of metal surfaces to control infrared absorption and emission. For more information about our TPV testing, click here.

I also am continuing to follow recent work on deep inelastic electron scattering in heavy nuclides, particularly single nucleon knockout to 700 MeV, particle track etching in dielectrics, particle interactions and radiation corrections. Some of this work may have implications for cosmology and astrophysics.

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Selected Publications and Presentations

  • "Modeling the Broadband High Energy Emission Spectrum of the PWN associated with the PSR J1617-5055,"M. Radwan, C. Blatchley, A. Konopelko, A. Mastichiadis, Kansas Academy of Science, Topeka, Mar 27-28, 2009.
  • "Design and Construction of a Novel Rotary Magnetostrictive Motor," Nanjia Zhou, C. Ibeh, C. Blatchley, J. Appl. Physics 105, 07F113, 2009.
  • C. Blatchley, Jeffrey L. Geiger, Austin M. Baldwin, "Fractionation of uranium isotopes in minerals screened by gamma spectrometry." Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 53, 2-P36, New Orleans, Mar. 2008.
  • Christopher C. Ibeh, C. Blatchley, et al., "Research and Education at the Center for Nanocomposites and Multifunctional Materials [CNCMM], Pittsburg State University," ASEE Midwest Regional, Sept. 19-21, Wichita, 2007.
  • F. Namavar, C. Blatchley, H. Haider, S. Varma, R.F. Sabirianov, C.L. Cheung, W-N. Mei, X.C. Zeng, K.L. Garvin, "Ion Beam Engineered Nanocrystalline Ceramic Films for Alternative Bearing Surfaces," Midwest Solid State Conference (Invited), Department of Physics, University of Missouri-Kansas City (UMKC) October 7-8, 2006.
  • "Nanostructurally designed ultra-hydrophilic hard coating of ceramic oxides," F. Namavar, R. F. Sabirianov, C. L. Cheung, W. Mei, X. C. Zeng, and C. Blatchley, Science and Technology of Advanced Materials (Elselvier). Aug. 2006.
  • F. Namavar, R. Sabirianov, C.L. Cheung, W.N. Mei, X.C. Zeng, and C. Blatchley, "Ultra-hydrophilic hard surfaces by nanostructurally stabilized cubic ZrO2," ISNEPP, Hong Kong U. Sci., Clear Water Bay, Kowloon, June 18-21, 2006.
  • C. Blatchley, "Refutation: Terrestrial Evidence of Paloeindian Nuclear Catastrophe," FS Arch. Soc., Jan 4, 2005.
  • C. Blatchley, E. Johnson, "I330: Electrodes for Ultracapacitors by Ion Beam Microtexturing," 33rd Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference, Colorado Springs, CO, August 2-4, 1998.
  • C.F. Williamson, C. Blatchley, et al., "Quasielastic Electron Scattering from40Ca," Physical Review C 54 (6), December, 1997.
  • "Thermal PV Portable Power for Ambulatory Patients, Problems to be Solved," R. Backes, C. Blatchley, Am. Assoc. of Physics Teachers, AOK Section, Oklahoma City, Nov., 1996.
  • "Two Longstanding Mysteries of Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering, S. Khosravani and C. Blatchley, 127th Kansas Academy of Science, April 6-7, 1995.
  • "Co-60 Gamma Ray and Electron Displacement Damage Studies of Semiconductors," M.A. Xapsos, G.P. Summers, C.C. Blatchley, C.W. Colerico, E.A. Burke, S.R. Messenger, and P. Shapiro, IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 41 (6), 1945 (December, 1994).
  • "Alpha Irradiations of InP Solar Cells: Implications for Radionuclide Batteries," C. Blatchley, E. A. Burke, C. Colerico, P. Gouker, and H. Serreze, 36th Power Sources Conference, Cherry Hill, NJ, June 6-9, 1994.
  • Panel discussion on Static Energy Conversion, 11th Symposium on Space Nuclear Power and Propulsion, Albuquerque, New Mexico, January 9-13, 1994.
  • "Longitudinal Response Functions for 40Ca From Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering," T.C. Yates, C.F. Williamson, W.M. Schmitt, M. Osborn, M. Deady, P.D. Zimmerman, C.C. Blatchley, K.K. Seth, M. Sarmiento, B. Parker, Y. Jin, L.E. Wright, D.S. Onley, Phys. Lett. B312 (4), 382-387, 1993.
  • "Micro-Textured Metals for Stray Light Suppression in a Space Telescope," C. Blatchley, E. Johnson, and Ward Halverson, Proceedings, 159th Meeting of the Am. Assoc. for the Adv. of Sci., No. 338, Boston, 11-16 Feb., 1993.
  • "NDE by Micro-Scanning Gamma Scattering," P.G. Loges, C.C. Blatchley, and W. Green, 46th Mechanical Failures Prevention Group (T. Shives, NIST), Virginia Beach VA, April 7-9, 1992.
  • "40Ca(e,e') Cross Sections at 45 in the Quasi-elastic Region," J. Yanhe, L.E. Wright, D.S. Onley, T.C. Yates, W. Schmitt, C.F. Williamson, M. Deady, P.D. Zimmerman, C.C. Blatchley, K.K. Seth, and B. Parker, Submitted to Phys. Rev. C.
  • "Nuclear Spectroscopy Using Risetimes in Cerussite Scintillator," P. Harihar, W.J. Stapor, J. Cutchin, A.B. Campbell, A.R. Knudson, C.C. Blatchley, Nucl. Inst. and Meth. in Phys. Res. A322, 40, 1992.
  • "New Materials for Stray Light Suppression In Space Optics," C. Blatchley, E.A. Johsnon, NES American Physical Society, Dartmouth, October 9-10, 1992.
  • "Rugged Dark Materials for Stray Light Suppression by Seeded Ion Beam Texturing," C. Blatchley, E.A. Johnson, Y.K. Pu, C. von Benken, SPIE Intl., Symp. on Optical Applied Science and Engineering, #1753-44, San Diego, July 19-26, 1992. Selected for pub. in Cryogenic Optical Systems and Design Considerations, G.R. Pruitt, ed., SPIE's Milestone Series.
  • "Nuclear Spectroscopy Using Risetimes in a Cerussite Scintillator," P. Harihar, W.J. Stapor, J. Cutchin, A.B. Campbell, A.R. Knudson, C.C. Blatchley, NES American Physical Society, October, 1991.
  • "Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering at Large Momentum Transfer," T. Yates, C. Williamson, W. Schmitt, M. Deady, P. Zimmerman, C. Blatchley, K. Seth, B. Parker, R. Soundranayagam, M. Sarmiento, NES Am. Phys. Soc., New Haven, CT, Oct 19-20, 1990.
  • "Apparatus and Method for Measuring Bulk Density Using Positron Scattering and Annihilation," C. Blatchley, U.S. Patent 4,835,390, May 30, 1989.
  • "Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering from Uranium-238," C. Blatchley, et al., Phys. Rev. C34, 1243 (1986).
  • "Direct Measurement of Radiative Tail in Electron Scattering from Atomic Nuclei," J. LeRose, C. Blatchley, et al., Phys. Rev. C 32, No. 2, 449 (1985).
  • "Quasi-Elastic Response Functions in U-238," C. Blatchley, J. LeRose, P.D. Zimmerman, C. Williamson, and M. Deady, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 29, 23 (1984).
  • "Quasi-Elastic Electron Scattering in U-238," C. Blatchley, Ph.D. Dissertation, Louisiana State University, unpublished, 1984.
  • "Response Functions for Deep Inelastic Scattering from 40Ca," M. Deady, C. Blatchley, et al., Phys. Rev. C28, 631 (1983).
  • "Anomalous Track Development in CR-39: Effects of Gamma Irradiation," C. Blatchley, et al., Nucl. Inst. Meth. 201, 535 (1982).
  • "Application of Nuclear Track Etching in CR-39 to Secondary Particle Dosimetry at Medical LINACS: Possible Cause of Osteonecrosis," C. Blatchley, P. D. Zimmerman, and P. Sioshansi, Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 26, 1234 (1981).
  • "Deep Inelastic Electron Scattering on 40Ca and 48Ca," M. Deady, C. Blatchley, et al., Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 25, 575 (1980).

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Wear Measurements

  • K. Scarborough, C. Blatchley, "SLA Wear Study in Biomedical Implants," Bull. Am. Phys. Soc. 49, 2-B15, Denver, Apr. 2004.
  • K. Scarborough, T. van Gorden, R. Willis, C. Blatchley, F. Namavar, "Radionuclide Markers for Studying Wear in Biomedical Implants," Trans. Kansas Acad. of Sci. 107, Apr 16, 2004.
  • "Biomedical Wear Studies," C. Blatchley, S.E. Area Conference of College Science and Mathematics Teachers at PSU, February 22, 2003.
  • "How to Make One's Car Last Longer," C. Blatchley, S.E. Area Conference of College Science and Mathematics Teachers at PSU, February 25, 1995.
  • "Diesel Oil Filtration Monitoring by Surface Layer Activation," J. Truhan, C. Covington, C. Blatchley, and C.Colerico, 48th Mechanical Failures Prevention Group meeting (sponsored by NIST) in Wakefield, MA, April 19-21, 1994.
  • "Importance of Diesel Oil Filtration Demonstrated by Surface Layer Activation Wear Monitoring," J. Truhan, C. Covington, C. Blatchley, and C. Colerico, TR94-07, American Chemical Society Meeting in San Diego, CA, in March, 1994.
  • "NDE by Micro-Scanning Gamma Scattering," P.G. Loges, C.C. Blatchley, and W. Green, 46th Mechanical Failures Prevention Group (T. Shives, NIST), Virginia Beach VA, April 7-9, 1992.
  • "Surface Layer Activation for Measuring Fretting Wear," P.G. Loges, C.C. Blatchley, E.J. Tobin and P. Sioshansi, STLE annual meeting, Montreal, Canada April 30, 1991. Lubrication Engineering, 48, 151 (1992).
  • "Radionuclide Methods," C. Blatchley, in Metals Handbook: Friction, Lubrication and Wear Technology, Vol. 18, p.319-330, Peter Blau, Ed., ASM International, October, 1992.
  • "Monitoring Wear with Gamma Rays," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, Machine Design 62, No. 22, p. 99 (1990).
  • "Monitoring Surface Loss in Coatings for Advanced Propulsion Materials," C. Blatchley, P. Loges, and T. Norbut, 9th National Aerospace Plane Symposium, Orlando, FL, NASP Joint Program Office, Wright-Patterson AFB, Nov. 1-2, 1990.
  • "Monitoring Solid Particle Erosion in Turbines by Debris Analysis," C. Blatchley and P. Loges, Joint Power Generation Conference (ASME), Boston, Oct. 1990.
  • "Turbine Blade Tip-Shroud Wear Characteristics Monitored by Surface Layer Activation," P.S. Kuo and C. Blatchley, ASME 89-GT-300, presented at the International Gas Turbine and Aerospace Congress, Toronto, June 4-8, 1989.
  • "Tracer Monitoring of Blades and Seals: Applications of Surface Layer Activation," C. Blatchley, P. Loges, D. Grandjean, D. Hui, and S. Gehl, EPRI Proceedings 1885, Solid Particle Erosion of Utility Steam Turbines, New Orleans, March 7-9, 1989.
  • "Tracer Monitoring of Steam Turbine Seals: An Application of SLA," P. Loges, C. Blatchley, and D. Grandjean, 43rd Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, National Bureau of Standards, T.R. Shives, ed., San Diego, CA, October 1988.
  • "Monitoring Antenna Window Ablation by Gamma Backscattering," P. Loges, C. Blatchley, R. Evans, and M. Carr, 43rd Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, National Bureau of Standards, T.R. Shives, ed., San Diego, CA, October 1988.
  • "Monitoring Wear in Engine Components by SLA: Extension to Nanometer Accuracy," C. Blatchley, SAE Fuels and Lubricants Conference, Toronto, November 2-5, 1987.
  • "On-Line Characterization of Wear in Mechanical Systems: Studies Using SLA," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, Am. Soc. of Lubrication Engineers, Anaheim, May 11-14, 1987.
  • "Wear Measurement by Surface Layer Activation," C. Blatchley, published by Electric Power Research Institute, Palo Alto, CA, CS-5163, May, 1987.
  • "Real-Time, On-Line Durability Measurements in Advanced Materials Using Surface Layer Activation," Charles Blatchley, Proceedings of NDT&E of Advanced Materials and Composites Conference, August 19-21, 1986, USAF Academy, CO, Dr. George Matzkanin, ed., NTIAC, Southwest Research Institute.
  • "Surface Layer Activation: A Novel Technique for Measurement of Wear-Corrosion-Erosion," Piran Sioshansi and Charles Blatchley, 3rd Berkeley Conference on Corrosion-Erosion-Wear at Elevated Temperatures, Berkeley CA, Jan. 29-31, 1986.
  • "Boiler Circulation Pump Wear Monitoring: A Novel Technique Based on Surface Layer Activation," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, et al., Joint Power Generation Conference, ASME 85-JPGC-Pwr-48, Madison, Wisconsin (1985).
  • "Diagnostic Monitoring of Erosion in Utility Steam Turbines," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, et al., ASME 85-JPGC-Pwr-48, Madison, WI (1985).
  • "Surface Layer Activation Technique for Monitoring and In-Situ Wear Measurement of Turbine Components," P. Sioshansi and C. Blatchley, AIAA/ SAE/ ASME 20th Joint Propulsion Conference, Cincinnati, OH, June 11-13, 1984.

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Other Symposia

  • "Nondestructive Measurement of Wear Erosion, Corrosion, and Ablation," C. Blatchley and P. Loges, Pulp and Paper Maintenance Conference, Ken Smith, ed., Atlanta, GA, November 1988.
  • "SLA: Precise Wear Measurements for Cogeneration Systems," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, ASME Internal Combustion Engine Tech. Conf., Kansas City, Oct. 4-7, 1987.
  • "Monitoring Erosion in Coal Combustion Engines Using SLA," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, 42 MFPG, Nat'l Bureau of Standards, Sept. 15-17, 1987.
  • "Nanometer Wear Measurements by Ultra Shallow Activation Techniques," C. Blatchley, NSF Grantees Workshop on Tribology, Georgia Tech. University, August 9-11, 1987.
  • "On-Line Turbine Blade Erosion Measurements by Thin Layer Activation," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, 3rd EPRI Conference on Incipient Failure Detection in Power Plants, Electric Power Research Institute, Philadelphia, March 10-12, 1987.
  • "Real Time Wear Measurement of Coal Slurry Erosion Using Accelerator Induced Radionuclides," P. Sioshansi and C. Blatchley, International Symposium on Slurry Flows, ASME, Anaheim, CA, Dec. 7-12, 1986.
  • "Water Wall Erosion Precision Monitoring: An Application of Accelerator-Induced Activation," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, and Robert Leyse, EPRI Conference on Power Plant Performance Monitoring and System Dispatch Improvement, Washington, DC, Nov. 12-14, 1986.
  • "On-Line Wear Monitoring in Bearings and Gears Using Radionuclide Markers," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, 41st MFPG, Naval Air Test Center, Patuxent River, MD, T. Robert Shives, ed., Oct. 28-30, 1986.
  • "On-Line Wear Monitoring in Bearings and Seals: Measurements Using Radionuclide Markers," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, and J. Scheibel, EPRI Symposium on Rotating Machinery Dynamics, Bearings and Seals, St. Louis, MO, Sept. 9-11, 1986.
  • "Nanometer Wear Measurement by Ultra-Thin Surface Layer Activation," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, Instrument Soc. of Am., 32nd Aerospace/Test Measurement Symposium, Seattle, WA, May 5-8, 1986.
  • "Real Time Wear Measurement System Using Radiosotope Techniques," P. Sioshansi and C. B., Instrument Soc. of Am., 32nd Aerospace/Test Measurement Symposium, Seattle, WA, May 5-8, 1986.
  • "Millisecond Bearing Wear: Surface Layer Activation in a Gas Turbine Engine," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, Proceedings of the 40th Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, Nat'l Bureau of Standards, T. Robert Shives, ed., April 16-18, 1985.
  • "Erosion Monitoring in Oil Field Pipeline Equipment by Deep Layer Activation," C. Blatchley and P. Sioshansi, Proceedings of the 40th Mechanical Failures Prevention Group, Nat'l Bureau of Standards, T. Robert Shives, ed., April 16-18, 1985.
  • "Diagnostic Monitoring and Measurement of Solid Particle Erosion of Steam Turbine Valves," C. Blatchley, P. Sioshansi, D. Duncan, C. P. Bellanca, and J. R. Schcibel, EPRI Symposium on Solid Particle Erosion of Steam Turbines, Chattanooga, Nov. 13-15, 1985.
  • "New Approach for Diagnostic Monitoring of Wear, Erosion, and Corrosion in Utility Applications," P. Sioshansi, C. Blatchley, et al., presented at EPRI Conference on Incipient Detection in Power Plants, Lake Buena Vista, FL, Oct. 10-12, 1984.

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