It is our hope to include web sites, original articles, and general information that can assist faculty in  improving their teaching.  Please submit information to: Robert Kehle at

Stanford Teaching Commons

Stanford Teaching Commons' Teaching Resources

The Stanford Teaching Commons site is a great tool with many ideas and it is a must read for all faculty. It includes sections on: Planning Your Approach, Teaching Strategies, Student-Teacher Communication, Small Groups and Discussions, Evaluating Your Teaching, and Evaluating Students, as well as resources and examples of Course Profiles and TA Training.


Active and Cooperative Learning for the College Classroom
This paper discusses ways to engage the student using various active and cooperative learning methods. Topics include:
1. The "One Minute Paper"
2. Muddiest (or Clearest) Point
3. Affective Response
4. Daily Journal
5. Reading Quiz
6. Clarification Pauses
7. Response to a demonstration or other teacher centered activity; Questions and Answers; The "Socratic Method"
8. Wait Time
9. Student Summary of Another Student's Answer
10. The Fish Bowl
11. Quiz/Test Questions; Immediate Feedback
12. Finger Signals
13. Flash Cards
14. Quotations; Critical Thinking Motivators
15. The Pre-Theoretic Intuitions Quiz
16. Puzzles/Paradoxes; Share/Pair
17. Discussion
18. Note Comparison/Sharing
19. Evaluation of Another Student's Work
20. Cooperative Groups in Class
21. Active Review Sessions
22. Work at the Blackboard
23. Concept Mapping
24. Visual Lists
25. Jigsaw Group Projects
26. Role Playing
27. Panel Discussions
28. Debates
29. Games


One Line Tips


  • Care about your students and show it.
  • Speak effectively.
  • Engage the students in the topic and learning.
  • Maintain a balance between criticism and encouragement
  • If you don't like your subject, do something else!
  • Share your ideas and listen to the ideas of others.
  • Constantly reexamine your teaching techniques and methodology
  • Remember that you are not omniscient.
  • Never view a disagreement as a personal attack.
  • Technology is great, but what happens when the computer goes down? Plan on it.
  • Questions can help spark interest. Wait for the answer. Keep waiting and then wait some more if needed as someone will finally speak up.
  • Have the students, perhaps in groups, to give presentations on topics. This can be particularly effective with power point.
  • Ask the students in the group to grade each other.

The Lecture Class

  • Speak effectively. Lecturing is a performance art like in theater or music
  • Modulate your voice.
  • Do not always stand in one spot anchored to the podium. Move around the class. It keeps the student more alert and engaged.
  • The greater variety of delivery approaches the greater the student interest.
  • Being a "little off the wall" can be a positive.